Built by Herod the Great in the 1st century BC as a Roman city. Herod was known for being an extraordinary builder and political genius, but also cruel and paranoid.
Matthew Henry: Herod was an Edomite, enmity to Israel was bred in
the bone with him.
Excerpt: Herod was half-Jewish (mother was a Nabatean) and was descended from Abraham through Isaac and Esau rather than through Isaac and Jacob.
Herod and family were considered to be Idumeans; this was a term employed by the Greeks and Romans for the country of Edom, or southern Israel south of Judea. Ancient Edom was located in the area of southern Jordan or Mount Seir (modern-day Petra). It is
specifically noted as the place where Esau had made his home (Gen. 36:8; Josh. 24:4) Antichrist: The Search for Amalek
Our guide pointed out that Herod had never gained acceptance of the Jews of Judea and Caesarea was the place where he could relax with his people. In the giant amphitheaters the brutal Roman games were held.
Herod’s palace had a fresh water pool supplied by underground pipes from a nearby fresh water spring:
Herod’s deep water port was an engineering marvel, completely man-made:
We left Caesarea Maritime and headed for the Jezreel Valley and Megiddo, the place where the Battle of Armageddon will be fought Revelation 16:16:
More tomorrow as we arrive in Tiberias (Galilee).